David, Donatello (c. 1400) x David, Michelangelo (1501-1504).
Donatello’s sculpture portrays David according to the classical iconography of the biblical figure. He is represented as an ephebos, standing victorious on Goliath’s head. On the contrary, Michelangelo portrayed him right before the fight, staring at the enemy.
When Michelangelo created his interpretation of the theme Florence had just become a republic and feared an attack by the other city-states. David functions as a metaphor of the political situation of the city: physically weaker but culturally superior to its enemies.